RESEARCH

My research interests combine perspectives from social, environmental, and positive psychology. I am broadly interested in the interrelation between human behavior, the environment (i.e., nature, social environments), and human wellness: how people influence their environments and how people’s environments influence their health and wellbeing. My research interests include the following:

Experiences with Nature: Understanding the positive psychological benefits people can reap from experiences with the natural world (e.g., awe walks, hiking, gardening), and how connections with nature can drive pro-environmental action, including community engagement.

The Social Psychology of Conservation and Environmental Activism: Understanding how social and cultural factors affect people’s environmental beliefs and actions, and how interventions can leverage these factors to promote caring for the environment and individual and collective action (e.g., consumer behavior, political engagement).

Climate Change Beliefs and Behavior: Understanding climate change public opinion and what most strongly predicts engagement to inform interventions and communications to facilitate attitude and behavior change.

Environmental Communication: Understanding how to best frame and (positively) communicate environmental issues like climate change to more effectively foster acceptance, concern, and action.

PUBLICATIONS & PRINTS

Ballew, M. T., Rosenthal, S. A., Goldberg, M. H., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J. K., Maibach, E. W., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Beliefs about others’ global warming beliefs: The role of party affiliation and opinion deviance. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 70, 101466. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101466

Ballew, M., Bergquist, P., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J., Marlon, J., Roess, A., Rosenthal, S., Maibach, E., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). American Public Responses to COVID-19, April 2020. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M., Bergquist, P., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J., Marlon, J., Roess, A., Rosenthal, S., Maibach, E., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Americans’ Risk Perceptions and Emotional Responses to COVID-19, April 2020. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M., Maibach, E., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Rosenthal, S., Marlon, J., and Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Which racial/ethnic groups care most about climate change?. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M., Marlon, J., Kotcher, J., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Bergquist, P., Gustafson, A., Goldberg, M., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Young adults, across party lines, are more willing to take climate action. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M. T., Pearson, A. R., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Does socioeconomic status moderate the political divide on climate change? The roles of education, income, and individualism. Global Environmental Change, 60, 102024. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.102024

Goldberg, M. H., Gustafson, A., Ballew, M. T., Rosenthal, S. A., Cutler, M. J., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Predictors of global warming risk perceptions among Latino and non-Latino White Americans. Climatic Change, 1-20. doi: 10.1007/s10584-020-02728-z

Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., Maibach, E., Ballew, M. T., Bergquist, P., Kotcher, J., … & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Mask-wearing increases after a government recommendation: A natural experiment in the US during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Communication. doi: 10.3389/fcomm.2020.00044

Gustafson, A., Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Cutler, M. J., Rosenthal, S. A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Personal stories can shift climate change beliefs and risk perceptions: The mediating role of emotion. Communication Reports, 1-15. doi: 10.1080/08934215.2020.1799049

Gustafson, A., Goldberg, M. H., Kotcher, J. E., Rosenthal, S. A., Maibach, E. W., Ballew, M. T., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Republicans and Democrats differ in why they support renewable energy. Energy Policy, 141. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111448

Leiserowitz, A., Ballew, M., Rosenthal S., & Semaan, J. (2020). Climate change and the American diet. Yale University and Earth Day Network. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Ballew, M., Bergquist, P., Gustafson, A., Goldberg, M., & Wang, X. (2020). Politics & Global Warming, April 2020. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., & Wang, X. (2020). Climate Change in the American Mind: April 2020. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Marlon, J., Ballew, M., Bergquist, P., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J., Rosenthal, S., & Maibach, E. (2020). Do Americans support voting by mail to limit the spread of coronavirus infections? New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Marlon, J., Maibach, E., Ballew, M., Bergquist, P., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J., Rosenthal, S., Wang, X., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020). Who do Americans trust most for information about COVID-19?. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Song, H., Lewis Jr, N. A., Ballew, M. T., Bravo, M., Davydova, J., Gao, H. O., … & Romero-Canyas, R. (2020). What counts as an “environmental” issue? Differences in issue conceptualization by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 101404. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101404

Schneider-Mayerson, M., Gustafson, A., Leiserowitz, A., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., & Ballew, M. (2020) Environmental literature as persuasion: An experimental test of the effects of reading climate fiction, Environmental Communication. doi: 10.1080/17524032.2020.1814377

Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., Gustafson, A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). Systems thinking as a pathway to global warming beliefs and attitudes through an ecological worldview. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1819310116

Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., Cutler, M. J., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). Climate change activism among Latino and White Americans. Frontiers in Communication, 3. doi: 10.3389/fcomm.2018.00058

Ballew, M., Gustafson, A., Bergquist, P., Goldberg, M., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Maibach, E., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). Americans underestimate how many others in the U.S. think global warming is happening. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M. T., Leiserowitz, A., Roser-Renouf, C., Rosenthal, S. A., Kotcher, J. E., Marlon, J. R., Lyon, E., Goldberg, M. H., & Maibach, E. W. (2019). Climate Change in the American Mind: Data, tools, and trends. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 61, 4-18. doi: 10.1080/00139157.2019.1589300

Ballew, M., Marlon, J., Rosenthal, S., Gustafson, A., Kotcher, J., Maibach, E., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). Do younger generations care more about global warming? Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Goldberg, M. H., Gustafson, A., Ballew, M. T., Rosenthal, S. A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). A social identity approach to engaging Christians in the issue of climate change. Science Communication, 1-22. doi: 10.1177/1075547019860847.

Goldberg, M. H., van der Linden, S., Ballew, M. T., Rosenthal, S. A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). The role of anchoring in judgments about expert consensus. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12576.

Gustafson, A., Rosenthal, S. A., Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Bergquist, P., Kotcher, J. E., Maibach, E. W., & Leiserowitz, A. (2019). The development of partisan polarization over the Green New Deal. Nature Climate Change. doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0621-7

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Gustafson, A., Ballew, M., & Goldberg, M. (2019). Climate Activism: Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behaviors, November 2019. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., & Gustafson, A. (2019). Climate Change in the American Mind: November 2019. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Gustafson, A., Ballew, M., & Goldberg, M. (2019). Politics & Global Warming, November 2019. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., Gustafson, A., & Bergquist, P. (2019). Politics & Global Warming, April 2019. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/NBJGS.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Bergquist, P., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., & Gustafson, A. (2019). Climate Change in the American Mind: April 2019. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/CJ2NS.

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Gustafson, A., Bergquist, P., Ballew, M., & Goldberg, M. (2019). Energy in the American Mind, December 2018. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/BDQ25

Marlon, J., Wang, X., Gustafson, A., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., Rosenthal, S., Leiserowitz, A. (2019) Majority of Americans think fossil fuel companies are responsible for the damages caused by global warming. Yale University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. Available here.

Pearson, A. R., & Ballew, M. T. (2019). Conservation and the environment. In. M. A. Hogg (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190236557.013.289

Ballew, M. T., & Crohn, K. (2018). Understanding emotions and behavior: Implications for evaluation design. AEA365: A Tip-a-Day by and for Evaluators. Available here.

Ballew, M., Marlon, J., Leiserowitz, A., & Maibach, E. (2018). Gender differences in public understanding of climate change. Yale University, New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M., Marlon, J., Wang, X., Leiserowitz, A., & Maibach, E. (2018). Importance of global warming as a voting issue in the U.S. depends on where people live and what people have experienced. Yale University, New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M., Marlon, J., Maibach, E., Gustafson, A., Goldberg, M., & Leiserowitz, A. (2018). Americans are more worried about global warming, and show signs of losing hope. Yale University, New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Ballew, M. T., & Omoto, A. M. (2018). Absorption: How nature experiences promote awe and other positive emotions. Ecopsychology, 10, 26-35. doi: 10.1089/eco.2017.0044

Bruni, C. M., Ballew, M. T., Winter, P. L., & Omoto, A. M. (2018). Natural history museums may enhance youth’s implicit connectedness with nature. Ecopsychology, 10, 1-9. doi: 10.1089/eco.2018.0025

Davydova, J., Pearson, A. R., Ballew, M. T., & Schuldt, J. P. (2018). Illuminating the link between perceived threat and control over climate change: The role of attributions for causation and mitigation. Climatic Change, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s10584-018-2181-7

Gustafson, A., Rosenthal, S., Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Kotcher, J., Ballew, M., & Goldberg, M. (2018). The Green New Deal has strong bipartisan support. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Pearson, A. R., Schuldt, J. P., Romero-Canyas, R., Ballew, M. T., & Larson-Konar, D. (2018). Diverse segments of the US public underestimate the environmental concerns of minority and low-income Americans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1804698115

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Rosenthal, S., Kotcher, J., Ballew, M., Goldberg, M., & Gustafson, A. (2018). Climate change in the American mind: December 2018. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Available here.

Omoto, A. M., Packard, C. D., & Ballew, M. T. (2018). Personality and volunteerism. In B. J. Carducci, J. S. Mio, & R. E. Riggio (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedia of personality and individual differences: Vol. IV. Clinical, applied, and cross-cultural research.  Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Pearson, A. R., Ballew, M. T., Naiman, S., & Schuldt, J. P. (2017). Race, class, and gender and climate change communication. In M. C. Nisbet & E. Markowitz (Eds.), The Oxford encyclopedia of climate change communication. New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.412

Ballew, M. T., Omoto, A. M., & Winter, P. L. (2015). Using Web 2.0 and social media technologies to foster proenvironmental action. Sustainability, 7, 10620-10648. doi: 10.3390/su70810620

PRESENTATIONS & PANELS

Ballew, M. T., Pearson, A. R., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., & Leiserowitz, A. (2020, February). Does social class moderate the political divide on climate change? The roles of education, income, and individualism. Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), New Orleans, Louisiana.

Ballew, M. T., Leiserowitz, A., Roser-Renouf, C., Rosenthal, S. A., Kotcher, J. E., Marlon, J. R., Lyon, E., Goldberg, M. H., & Maibach, E. W. (2019, May). Climate Change in the American Mind: Data, tools, and trends. American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR), Toronto, Canada.

Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., Gustafson, A., & Leiserowitz, A. (April, 2019). Systems thinking as a pathway to global warming beliefs and attitudes through an ecological worldview. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (F&ES) Research Day, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ballew, M. T., Goldberg, M. H., Rosenthal, S. A., Gustafson, A., & Leiserowitz, A. (February, 2019). Systems thinking as a pathway to global warming beliefs and attitudes through an ecological worldview. Sustainability Preconference at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Portland, Oregon.

Davydova, J., Pearson, A. R., Ballew, M. T., Schuldt, J. P. (2018, March). Illuminating the link between perceived threat and control over climate change: The role of attributions for causation and mitigation. Sustainability Preconference at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Atlanta, Georgia.

Winter, P. L., Ballew, M. T., Dear, S., Omoto, A. M., & Bruni, C. M. (2017, August). Does a visit to a natural history museum enhance youths’ connectedness with nature? Poster presentation at the 125th convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

Ballew, M. T., & Omoto, A. M. (2015, June). Experiences with nature, interconnectedness, and prosociality. Invited oral presentation at Seizing an Alternative: Toward an Ecological Civilization, Claremont, California.

Ballew, M. T., Bruni, C. M., & Crawford, M. (2015, April). Using Web 2.0 and social media technologies to foster proenvironmental action. In P. L. Winter (Chair), Intersections between Environmental Engagement, Technologies, and Connections to Nature. Symposium conducted at the Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Ballew, M. T., & Omoto, A. M., (2014, July). Purpose in life mediates the relationship between volunteering and positive aging. Oral presentation at the European Conference on Positive Psychology, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Ballew, M. T., & Omoto, A. M. (2014, June). Pathways to positive aging: Volunteerism and purpose in life. Oral presentation at the Biennial SPSSI Conference, Portland, Oregon.

Ballew, M. T. (2014, September). Long-term planning: What you need to do when to graduate on time. Invited Psi Chi panelist at Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California.